عنوان مقاله [English]
Certainly, the Safavid period is one of the most well-known and prosperous periods of textile weaving in Iran. During this period, all kinds of silk, velvet, gold and other types of fabrics were woven to order by the court. The city of Yazd at the end of the tenth century AH, was one of the most important centers of textile weaving and Khajeh Ghyath Ad-din Ali Naqshband Yazdi, the founder of the Yazd textile school, was one of the prominent artists of the court and a favorite of Shah Abbas. This article aims to introduce the most well-known Design adaptations and patterns of fabrics of Ghyath fabrics in the Safavid period, to introduce the types of designs and roles of Ghyath fabrics. For this purpose, information was collected based on the basic-theoretical purpose and descriptive, analytical and library and observational methods. The results indicate that the designs and patterns of Ghyath fabrics are on the one hand adapted from Tabriz school painters such as Kamaluddin Behzad, Sultan Mohammad and Mohammad Heravi and also Isfahan school painters such as Reza Abbasi and his followers and on the other hand inspired by the decorative patterns of fabrics. Past eras and some Chinese art and calligraphy have been created; Meanwhile, Ghyath has been able to create unique and special methods of Yazd school by using the carpet designs of Tabriz, Zilou of Yazd, plant and animal designs specific to the nature and climate of Yazd, as well as innovative and personal methods in textile design.